This section of the research has three components: Demographic information, National results by indicator and question, and Qualitative data analysis.

Video Guide

If you haven't already done so, you may want to watch the section of the Video Guide which relates to the Results Over Time (helpful if any of the functionality is not clear to you). 

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National results by indicator and question presents a trend analysis of the national results over time for all indicators and for each question relating to that indicator. The indicator scores for each indicator are calculated from responses to multiple questions that relate to that indicator. Most questions relate to a specific engagement indicator, which are:

  • Higher-Order Learning
  • Reflective and Integrative Learning
  • Quantitative Reasoning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Collaborative Learning
  • Student-Faculty Interaction
  • Effective Teaching Practices
  • Quality of Interactions
  • Supportive Environment

There are an additional 22 questions that do not directly relate to a specific indicator, but that are included in the survey because of their contribution to a broad understanding of student engagement.

At a national level, differences can be somewhat ‘averaged out’ due to the significant sample size. The results for each indicator are therefore accompanied by an interactive dashboard. The results are displayed in an interactive way, in varying levels of detail, to facilitate exploration of possible differences that may be averaged out at a national level.

Student characteristics

  • Cohort 
  • Gender
  • Mode of study
  • Age group

Course characteristics

  • Field of study
  • Country of domicile

Accessing your institution-specific dashboard

Users of these dashboards who are staff or student representatives in participating institutions should note that you have access to results for students in your institution in a similar format using the In Touch data visualisation dashboard. All participating institutions have an individualised version of this dashboard. Access is granted by the “Gatekeeper”. A list of Gatekeepers for all participating institutions is available here (correct at the time of launching this site, if the information is not accurate, please contact

Notes for interpreting the data

Please make sure you read the Notes for interpreting the data here before using this dashboard. In summary:

The indicator scores for each indicator are calculated from responses to multiple questions that relate to that indicator. Indicator scores are NOT percentages but rather represent relative performance. They are calculated scores to enable interpretation of the data at a higher level than individual questions, i.e., to act as signposts to help the reader to navigate the large data set. Responses to questions are converted to a 60-point scale, with the lowest response placed at 0 and the highest response placed at 60. Indicator scores are calculated for a respondent when they answer all or almost all related questions. Indicator scores cannot be compared across indicators or combined to create an overall indicator score in any meaningful or statistically sound way.

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Demographic information

This section presents respondent numbers and response rate data for respondents in 2016-2021. A total of 232,450 students responded to between 2016 and 2021, 43,791 students of which responded in 2021 alone.

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National results by indicator and question

Click on the More Info link below to bring you to the trend analysis for 2016-2021. 

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Qualitative data analysis

The qualitative data analysis was carried out in 2021, and did not form part of the direct focus of this new research. However, users of this site may be interested to know that analysis of qualitative data from 2016 to 2020 for and from 2018 and 2019 for PGR exists. This research makes for interesting and diverse reading. Click on the More Info link below to bring you to the reports for the five research projects.

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Do you have questions?

Contact the Project Manager at or using any of the social media channels listed here.